CTE Technical Assistance,Training & Support Services

Skip to main content
Mobile Menu
Search Site Search Site



We are currently in the process of updating all of our course outlines.  If you need a copy of a course outline, contact  ROP at (909) 252-4550.



"The Big Six" Career Essentials

Big Six Career Essentials Overview

This curriculum includes very important 21st Century skills or competencies that current research has identified as being foundational in school, in the workplace, and in life. These skills, often referred to as soft skills, are skills and personal attributes business and industry leaders have identified as essential in the workplace. Units of instruction called Big Six: Career Ready Essentials with identified outcomes have been designed as learning goals for all students participating in any SBCSS ROP course.  The essential skills areas are: 

  1. Effective Communication
  2. Collaboration, Creativity, and Critical Thinking
  3. Leaders and Teams: Roles and Responsibilities
  4. Legal, Ethical, and Environmental Considerations
  5. Personal Growth and Career Planning
  6. Workforce Safety and Personal Wellness
Big Six Career Ready Essentials—Units of Instruction 


1) Effective Communication

Reinforces Standards for Career Ready Practice #’s: 2, 4 and 11

Reinforces CTE Anchor Standards #’s: 2, 5 and 10


Certificate Competencies

  • Demonstrate understanding that effective verbal communication is dependent upon other interpersonal skills, such as non-verbal communication, listening skills, and clarification.
  • Demonstrate effective written communication by understanding the importance of tone, audience, organization, format, and that research, prewriting, writing, and rewriting are integral to the writing process.

Supporting Competencies

  • Understand why effective internal and external communication is essential to any profession and be able to formulate appropriate responses to address concerns and questions of employers, co-workers, and clients in a positive manner.
  • Demonstrate positive verbal communication skills using appropriate vocabulary, correct terminology, professional demeanor and body language, and vocal intonation appropriate for the classroom, a lab, or in a professional work environment. Demonstrate professional verbal skills appropriate for resolving conflict.
  • Practice active listening skills (reflection, restatement, and clarification) by giving full attention to what others are saying (and not interrupting inappropriately), taking time to understand the points being made, and asking clarifying questions as needed. Interpret verbal and nonverbal communications and respond appropriately.
  • Generate written communication as applicable to this industry-sector course. Possess the ability to read and correctly interpret written information and directions.
  • Identify ways to build relationships through interpersonal communication.
  • Explore how information and communication technologies are used in career planning and decision-making. Employ web-based communications responsibly and effectively to explore complex systems and issues.
  • Use electronic and Web-based reference and source materials and other communication technologies, ensuring resource validity and reliability, gather and use information to synthesize, summarize, compare, and contrast information from multiple sources.
  • Effectively use real-world tools by mastering current and emerging technologies to communicate and collaborate with others, to problem solve, accomplish tasks, and to produce or publish products.


2) Collaboration, Creativity, and Critical Thinking

Reinforces Standards for Career Ready Practice #’s: 5, 9 and 10

Reinforces CTE Anchor Standard #: 5


Certificate Competencies

  • Demonstrate that the ability to think critically and creatively is fundamental and, depending on context and purpose, can take place independently or interdependently.
  • Demonstrate understanding that collaboration is the collective determination to reach an identical objective by sharing knowledge, tasks, learning, and building consensus.

Supporting Competencies

  • Commit the time and energy required to elaborate, refine, analyze, and evaluate original ideas to improve and maximize creative efforts.
  • Understand that failure is an opportunity to learn; understand that creativity and innovation are part of a long-term, cyclical process of small successes and frequent mistakes.
  • Demonstrate the ability to alternate between divergent and convergent thinking to arrive at an original and useful solution or idea.
  • Demonstrate originality and inventiveness in work and understand the real world limits to adopting new ideas.
  • Explore how creative thinking involves bringing together existing ideas into a new configuration or the creation of new ideas that involves preparation, insight, evaluation, elaboration, and communication.
  • Assume shared responsibility for collaborative work, and value the individual contributions made by each team member.
  • Analyze and evaluate evidence, arguments, claims, and beliefs; make connections between information and arguments. Identify bias, prejudice, propaganda, self-deception, distortion, and misinformation.
  • Produce, either individually or as part of a team, intellectual, informational, or material products that serve an authentic purpose.
  • Demonstrate the ability to work effectively and respectfully with those from diverse backgrounds or cultures.
  • Understand that collaboration requires principles such as respect and trust, commitment, and the ability to compromise.


3) Leaders and Teams: Roles and Responsibilities

Reinforces Standards for Career Ready Practice #’s: 7, 9, 10 and 12

Reinforces CTE Anchor Standards #’s: 5, 7 and 9


Certificate Competencies

  • Acquire knowledge of individuals’ and team member’s roles and responsibilities and demonstrate the importance of technical, social, and communication skills in team success.
  • Demonstrates leadership skills (i.e., negotiation skills, initiative, positive reinforcement, recognition of others’ efforts, problem-solving skills, conflict resolution, and delegation).

Supporting Competencies

  • Compare and contrast leadership/management styles and identify the appropriate style for a given situation.
  • Identify and discuss effective leadership qualities, such as integrity and wisdom (in addition to tolerance, self-reliance, initiative, civility, honesty, fairness and reliability) and the important role these characteristics play in effective leadership and teamwork.
  • Demonstrate ways to organize and delegate responsibility, and to encourage ideas, perspectives, and contributions from team members.
  • Exhibit a strong sense of team identity and a commitment to purpose by brainstorming solutions, volunteering, assisting others, practicing respect and courtesy, and taking initiative.
  • Understand that as contexts change, leaders may become followers, and followers become leaders.
  • Identify team members and their level of responsibility and contribution in the creative, business, and marketing aspects of the industry sector of this course.
  • Respect individual and cultural differences and recognize the importance of diversity in the workplace.
  • Discuss the required skills and desirable traits required within any occupation, including twenty-first century skills, and demonstrate the ability to work effectively as a team.
  • Identify the characteristics of successful teams, including leadership, cooperation, and effective decision-making as applied to groups, teams, and career technical student organization activities.
  • Understand the need to adapt to changing and varied roles and responsibilities; practice prioritizing, time management and efficiency to fulfill responsibilities.
  • Demonstrate the ability to leverage social and cultural differences to create new ideas and increase both innovation and the quality of work.


4) Legal, Ethical, and Environmental Considerations

Reinforces Standards for Career Ready Practice #’s: 7, 8, 9 and 12

Reinforces CTE Anchor Standards #’s: 4 and 8


Certificate Competencies

  • Demonstrate how ethics, liability, and legal responsibility are integral to success within this industry sector.
  • Discuss the importance of being ‘eco-friendly’ and environmentally conscious within your industry sector.

Supporting Competencies

  • Demonstrate the ethical and legal practices consistent with the industry sector workplace standards of this course.
  • Identify local, state, and federal regulatory agencies, agencies, entities, laws, and regulations related to the industry sector of this course.
  • Understand the ethical and legal implications for both employers and employees with regards to discrimination based on race, nationality, religion, gender, age, disability, or sexual orientation.
  • Understand corporate citizenship and the importance of building a workplace that protects the health and welfare of employees, the community, and the environment.
  • Discuss how current laws/regulations and practices impact the environment, identify eco-friendly practices and resources, and understand how sustainability issues and concerns are important in any industry sector.
  • Demonstrate knowledge and understanding of society’s impact on the environment; analyze environmental issues as it relates to this industry sector.
  • Examine ethical and legal standards and practices that positively impact this industry sectors’ careers.
  • Demonstrate knowledge of the importance of personal character traits (e.g., integrity, trustworthiness, honesty, responsibility, accountability, and self-reliance) within careers within this industry sector.
  • Understand the importance of safe, welcoming, and harassment-free work environments and that bullying behavior or harassment, sexual or otherwise, by employees and employers, is illegal and punishable by a court of law.


5) Personal Growth and Career Planning

Reinforces Standards for Career Ready Practice #: 3

Reinforces CTE Anchor Standard #: 3


Certificate Competencies

  • Demonstrate the importance of personal development and growth (e.g., self-awareness, developing strengths and talents, improving health, learning new skills, improving social skills) to personal and professional success.
  • Integrate multiple sources of career information from diverse formats to make informed career decisions and develop and manage personal career plans.

Supporting Competencies

  • Possess an understanding of how money works in the world and the importance of building sound financial habits to create and manage personal financial resources for lifetime financial security.
  • Demonstrating self-direction, the ability to work independently, manage one’s time and work, and evaluate one’s learning process.
  • Recognize and understand that change is a constant, and deal with change positively by being flexible and ‘modifying one’s thinking, attitude, or behavior’ to the new situation.
  • Discuss job search and retention techniques and identify strategies to prepare for employment.
  • Demonstrate intrapersonal skills appropriate for the workplace, such as responsibility, dependability, punctuality, positive attitude, initiative, and respect for self and others.
  • Recognize that perseverance is an integral component for success; demonstrate commitment, hard work, patience, and tenacity in doing something despite its difficulty.
  • Identify personal career interests, aptitudes, and skills; synthesize acquired information to develop a comprehensive career plan.


6) Workplace Safety and Personal Wellness

Reinforces Standards for Career Ready Practice #’s: 6 and 12

Reinforces CTE Anchor Standards #’s: 4, 6 and 9


Certificate Competencies

  • Demonstrate the proper implementation of safe work practices to prevent injury or illness as designated by each class, laboratory, and/or facility’s safety protocol.
  • Understand that developing goals and attending to personal growth are instrumental to present and future personal and professional success.

      Supporting Competencies

  • Demonstrate the basics of safe work habits, security, and emergency procedures required in this industry.
  • Understand how preventative measures lessen the likelihood or impact of emergencies such as personal injury or illness, fire, floods, and incidents of employee rage or violent behavior.
  • Identify the causes, prevention, and treatment of common accidents and the reporting procedures involved.
  • Understand the role of the California Occupational Safety and Health Administration (Cal-OSHA), the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), and other agencies in regulating practices in this industry.
  • Demonstrate an understanding of the basics of system operations and the importance of maintaining facilities, equipment, tools, and supplies.
  • Recognize the types of materials and supplies used in the maintenance of facilities, including the identification of hazardous environmental and physical properties of chemicals and the use of Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS). Know the proper use of personal protective equipment (PPE).
  • Practice the basic procedures for the safety of coworkers, clients, and community, including the procedures for emergency situations. Outline basic first aid concepts and procedures.
  • Demonstrate how to prevent and respond to work-related accidents and injuries; including an understanding of ergonomics.
  • Demonstrate an understanding of proper Internet use and security issues. Identify and discuss cyber ethics, cyber safety, and cyber security.
  • Practice preventative physical and mental health measures, including proper diet, nutrition, exercise, risk avoidance (e.g., drugs, alcohol, and tobacco use) and stress-reduction.