ROPs have been a major component of California’s workforce preparation system for more than 45 years.
The purpose of ROP is to prepare students to (1) enter the workforce with the skills and competencies necessary to succeed, (2) pursue advanced training in higher educational institutions, and/or (3) upgrade existing skills and knowledge. ROP courses are open to all secondary and adult students, but students sixteen to eighteen years in grades eleven and twelve have priority for enrollment. The ROP delivery system is directly linked to business and industry through advisory committees and provides work-based learning opportunities for students.
ROPs are an important component in the continuum of sequenced CTE courses offered in public secondary schools. The beginning of the continuum may start in the middle school, but most sequences begin in high school. Students are first exposed to exploratory courses to build their awareness and career-related knowledge. These experiences often contribute to a student’s decision to take additional CTE courses or concentrate on a sequenced pathway of interest. High school CTE courses often lead to ROP courses, which are designed to provide more focused occupational training. Therefore, ROP courses are typically the more advanced capstone courses that students take during grades eleven and twelve to prepare for entry-level jobs or to make a transition to postsecondary education, technical training, or apprenticeships.